Abstracts 2003

Abstract of Publication No. 454

G. M. Salley, R. Valiente and H. U. Güdel
Cooperative Yb3+-Tb3+ dimer excitations and upconversion in Cs3Tb2Br9:Yb3+
Phys. Rev. B 67, 134111/1-9 (2003)      Full Text (PDF)      DOI-Link     

Abstract: Green Tb3+ 5D4  7FJ luminescence visible by eye is observed under near-infrared laser excitation. Optical spectroscopic techniques including absorption, luminescence, and excitation spectroscopy are used to characterize this upconversion (UC) luminescence. The Tb3+ UC luminescence is present for all temperatures within a range from 10 to 300 K, and gains intensity by three orders of magnitude between 10 and 300 K. For T  100 K the dominant upconversion mechanism is the cooperative sensitization of Tb3+ by two Yb3+ ions. In this temperature regime the Tb3+ UC luminescence dominates the visible (VIS) spectrum for all near-infrared (NIR) excitations, resulting in the characteristic green luminescence. At 10 K, the color of the luminescence changes from green to blue, depending on the excitation wavelength corresponding to the dominance of Tb3+ UC luminescence or the Yb3+-Yb3+ cooperative pair luminescence. Two color excitation spectroscopy is performed to directly observe an excited state absorption (ESA) step in the Tb3+ UC luminescence excitation spectrum at 10 K. This allows the unambiguous assignment of a type of ground state absorption/excited state absorption (GSA/ESA) mechanism responsible for the upconversion in this system at 10 K. We explain this cooperative interaction in the framework of an Yb3+-Tb3+ exchange-coupled dimer. An energy level diagram for this dimer is presented. Excitation into dimer levels around 1200014500 cm1, where neither Yb3+ nor Tb3+ single ions have levels, leads to Yb3+ luminescence at 10 K. For laser excitation, 53 W/mm2, resonant with an ESA transition a VIS/NIR photon ratio of 2.7(10)5 is found at 10 K.

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